Agriculture

“All the animal manure which the world wastes, if returned to the land, instead of being thrown into the sea, would suffice to nourish the world.” ….. Victor Hugo

Rural Indian women are extensively involved in agricultural activities. However the nature and
extent of their involvement differs with the variations in agro production systems. The mode of female participation in agricultural production varies with the landowning status of farm households. Their roles range from managers to landless labourers. In over all farm production, women’s average contribution is estimated at 55% to 66% of the total labour with percentages, much higher in certain regions.

As globalization shifts agriculture to capital intensive, chemical intensive systems,
Women suffer health hazards. The violence associated with displacement, devaluation and
disempowerment takes the form of intensive violence, increasing incidences of rape, the epidemic of female feticides, and growth in trafficking of women. Women also bear the ultimate burden of farm suicides, since they are left to look after their households without assets but with the burden of indebtedness.

“Eating is an agricultural act.” ... Wendell Berry

Use of chemicals has spoiled the fertility of the soil and now we realize that our age old ways were perfect. Use of cow dung and dry leaves to make the soil fertile is totally forgotten and now to revive the soil for Organic farming will at least take three years to regain its lost fertility. Earthworms which play an important role have vanished due to the use of chemical fertilizers.

Reviving Organic farming is our priority in agriculture. Micro finance will be given to farmers on a large scale.

“Cultivators of the earth are the most valuable citizens. They are the most vigorous, the most independent, the most virtuous, and they are tied to their country and wedded to its liberty and interests by the most lasting bands” ...Thomas Jefferson